Sakhr AX-230
This page was last modified 14:35, 27 December 2021 by Gdx. Based on work by Mars2000you and Rderooy and others.




Sakhr Computers was a Kuwaiti company (Al Alamiah co.) that was selling MSX computers imported from Japan in all of the Arab world. These MSX were localized by Al Alamiah and rebranded for the Arabic market.

The Sakhr AX-230 is like the Sanyo MPC-2 localised for Arabic countries but the PCB and components are not the same. A RGB output has been added but a cartridge slot has been removed. This model is available in blue (B), gray (GL) or red (R).

After booting without pressing the CTRL key, the computer will be in Arabic mode. In this mode:

  • the combination of the GRAPH key with an alphabetic key will display an MSX-BASIC instruction on the screen
  • the extra STAR key can be used in a similar way to the GRAPH key
  • some combinations can produce accented characters instead of MSX-BASIC instructions
Brand Sakhr
Model AX-230 (Manufacturer: Sanyo)
Year 1986-1992
Region Middle East
Launch price
RAM 64kB in slot 3-0
Media MSX cartridges
Video Toshiba T6950 Texas Instruments TMS9918 compatible (Integrated in MSX-Engine T7937A)
Audio PSG-sound chip General Instrument AY-3-8910 compatible (Integrated in MSX-Engine T7937A)
Chipset Toshiba T7937A
Keyboard layout QWERTY/Arabic
Extras reset button, Arabic BASIC, firmware (Calendar, Graphics, Arabic Writer, English Writer, 15 educational games, 10 recreative games)
Emulation ROMs dumped and emulated


This machine comes with an 'enhanced' version 1.01 of Arabic firmware, present on all Sakhr/Al Alamiah computers.

The firmware can be skipped by pressing CTRL key while booting and until you hear a first beep. By doing that, the machine will be in International mode and the Arabic characters will not be available. If a software (even in cartridge) doesn't work, try it in this mode.

Note: If you continue to press CTRL until a second beep, you will get only one drive (the A: drive) if you have added external diskdrives.

This firmware adds Arabic characters, new MSX-BASIC instructions (see Arabic BASIC), 4 applications and 2 extra options for MSX software. You can choose them in the menu with the keys 1 to 6:

Options 1 to 4 remain unchanged on all Sakhr/Al Alamiah MSX1 computers.

You have on this machine a total of 30 programs: MSX-BASIC, 4 applications and 25 games.

If you press key 7 when you are in the menu, you will go to MSX-BASIC.

Going back to the menu is possible with CALL MENU or _MENU (don't use it if you are in International mode !). Note that in this case, you will go to the 'normal' Arabic firmware menu with only 5 options instead of 7.



Sakhr AX-230 blue
Sakhr AX-230 box
Sakhr AX-230 gray
Sakhr AX-230 red
Sakhr AX-230 back
Sakhr AX-230 underside
Sakhr AX-230 left side
Sakhr AX-230 back
Sakhr AX-230 right side
Sakhr AX-230 manuals
Sakhr AX-230 (R) label
Sakhr AX-230 (GL) label
Sakhr AX-230 PCB
Sakhr AX-230 PCB (underside)
AX-230 - MSX-Engine T7937A


Arabic firmware version 1.01
'Enhanced' menu 1.01
Arabic Calendar
English Calendar
Arabic Writer
English Writer
Educational Games
Recreative Games
'Normal' menu 1.01


The Sakhr AX-230 is a MSX1. The Z80A, the VDP and the PSG are integrated in MSX-Engine T7937A.

The integrated VDP is the Toshiba T6950, which does not support some undocumented features of the Texas Instruments TMS9918, TMS9928 and TMS9929 VDP's.

Slot Map

Slot 0 Slot 1 Slot 2 Slot 3-0 Slot 3-1 Slot 3-2 Slot 3-3
Page C000h~FFFFh Cartridge
Page 8000h~BFFFh Arabic ROM
Page 4000h~7FFFh Main-ROM
Page 0000h~3FFFh